Matter- its meaning and composition.

States of Matter

  • Solids, Liquids and Gases.
  • Characteristics of Solids, Liquids and Gases (Shape, texture and Volume).
  • Distinguishing properties of Solids, Liquids and Gases

    Physical Quantities and Measurement

    Measurement of Length

    • Concept of length as distance between two points.
    • Measurement of length (ruler, measuring tape).
    • Units (with symbol and full name).

    Measurement of Mass

    • Concept of Mass as matter contained in an object.
    • Measurement of Mass (Beam Balance, Electronic Balance).
    • Units (with symbol and full name).

    Measurement of Time

    • Concept of time and explanation in terms of hours, minutes and seconds.
    • Measurement of Time (Clock, watch, stop watch).
    • Units

      Measurement of Temperature

      • Temperature as a measure of degree of hotness or coldness of body.
      • Measurement of temperature (clinical thermometer, laboratory thermometer).
      • Normal temperature of a human body.
      • Units (with symbol and full name).

      Measurement of Area:

      • Concept of area.
      • Area of Regular shapes


        Force as a push or pull.

        Effects of force on

        • Mass (No effect)
        • Speed
        • Direction (rest and motion)
        • Change in shape and size
        • Using real world examples only.

        Force of Friction

        • Types – Rolling, Sliding and Static.
        • Advantages and Disadvantages.


          Simple Machines

          • Basic Concept
          • Mechanical Advantage

          Types of Simple Machines

          • Lever
          • Wheel and axle
          • Pulley
          • Inclined plane
          • Wedge
          • Screw

          Different Orders of Levers



          Rectilinear Propagation of Light.

          Applications of rectilinear propagation of light.

          Pinhole camera

          • Principle and Working
          • Factors on which the size of the image produced depends


          • Umbra
          • Penumbra
          • Natural Shadows – Eclipses


            • Magnetic and non-magnetic substances.
            • Characteristics of a magnet.
            • Properties of magnets.
            • Magnetic field around a magnet.
            • Earth’s magnetic field.
            • Making of Magnets
            • Permanent & temporary magnets and their uses
            • Electromagnets and choice of material for the core of an electromagnet
            • Care & storage of magnets
            • Demagnetization by heating, hammering and electricity.
Scroll to Top